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System & Organization Controls (SOC) Reporting

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SOC reporting is a valuable tool for organizations: organizations can assure their clients of their internal processes, policies and security, organizations can ensure vendors comply with their regulations and standards, and organizations can obtain third party comfort around their own cyber security program.

    • Assure their clients of their internal processes, policies and security.
    • Ensure vendors comply with their regulations and standards.
    • Obtain third-party comfort around their own cyber security program.

    Baker Tilly’s SOC specialists can help your company understand what SOC report best fits your needs, whether you need assurance over a specific area for a contract, or your organization needs to ensure proper compliance with regulations.

    You will work with an experienced, dedicated team who understand SOC – really understand SOC, because they not only perform SOC reporting, but are also involved in the AICPA’s committees that develop the standards for SOC reporting. You will have access to partner level resources throughout your engagement.

    SOC reporting options for your organization

    With several report options for SOC, it is important to identify which is the right SOC report for you. Reporting options include the SOC 1®, SOC 2® and SOC 3® and SOC for Cybersecurity. A SOC for Supply Chains report is in development.

    SOC 1 reports

    SOC 1 reporting engagements provide user organizations with a strong sense of comfort about the outsourced services performed by service organizations on their behalf, which are relevant to their internal controls over financial reporting.

    • Purpose: Reports on the controls of the service organization that are relevant to the user organization's internal controls over financial reporting
    • Scope: Controls related to the accuracy of financial data and information technology general controls
    • Audience: User organization's financial executives, compliance officers and financial statement auditors

    SOC 2 and 3 reports

    Established to address other types of third-party risks outside of financial reporting, SOC 2 and 3 reports provide user organizations with assurance over the critical systems and sensitive data used to provide the outsourced services. Typically, these reports are used to meet vendor risk management requirements that customers may request surrounding security. While the two options have similar scope, a SOC 3 has less detail and, therefore, typically provides less value to report users.

    SOC 2 reports

    • Purpose: Reports on the effectiveness of the controls of the service organization related to operations, based on the selected trust services criteria (TSC)
    • Scope: Governance, operational and information technology general controls that address one or more of the TSC categories: security, confidentiality, availability, processing integrity and privacy
    • Audience: User organization's information technology executives, compliance officers, vendor management executives, regulators, other specified parties and appropriate business partners
    • Additional Criteria: SOC 2 reports can also include other suitable criteria, such as HITRUST, the HIPAA Security Rule and others

    SOC 3 reports

    • Purpose: Same purpose as SOC 2 report
    • Information required: Same information as SOC 2 report, but with a less detailed description of the controls of the service organization
    • Audience: Unrestricted and can be used by anyone who has the appropriate understanding of the subject matter and who would like confidence in the controls for the service organization

    SOC for Cybersecurity

    SOC for Cybersecurity is a risk framework that establishes common criteria and guidelines for communicating about an organization’s cybersecurity risk management program. It enables organizations to report on their cybersecurity management programs to external stakeholders with the credibility associated with an independent examination report.

    SOC for Supply Chain (under development by the AICPA)

    The AICPA is developing a report on an entity’s system and controls for producing, manufacturing or distributing goods to better understand the risks in an organization’s supply chain.

    Type 1 vs. Type 2 Reports

    Do not confuse SOC 1 and SOC 2 with Type 1 and Type 2. Both a SOC 1 and a SOC 2 can be either a Type 1 or Type 2. The key differences are:

    • Type 1 addresses the design of controls as of a point in time
    • Type 2 addresses the operating effectiveness of controls over a period of time
    • Type 1 reports provide less comfort to the intended audience of the report and are uncommon

    If you’ve never had a SOC examination performed, you’re probably wondering what it entails.

    Determine report type and scope
    The first thing we need to do is help determine which report is most applicable to your environment and the needs of your organization and your clients.

    Ensure no surprises
    After we agree upon the type and scope of the examination, we typically perform a readiness assessment before your first SOC examination. The readiness assessment is a one-time review to identify your control activities satisfying each of the objectives or criteria. We will also determine potential test procedures and identify the types of evidence available to satisfy those test procedures. The deliverable provides recommendations on potential gaps in control activities and/or documentation.

    Remediation
    After we perform the readiness assessment, we allow you time to remediate control or documentation deficiencies before we begin our examination period.

    Document request
    Several weeks prior to fieldwork, we will send out a document request list to assist you in gathering the necessary evidence prior to our visit. This will also help us select samples for testing.

    Onsite testing
    When we arrive onsite, we will conduct our walkthroughs, observational testing and inspect the documentation you have provided for us. Interim fieldwork typically requires about one to two weeks onsite for small- to medium-sized organizations.

    Final fieldwork
    Towards the end of the examination period, we will perform final fieldwork where we will select additional samples and complete any remaining test procedures.

    Final report
    After final fieldwork, we will subject the final report to our internal quality control procedures and issue the report approximately four to eight weeks after the procedures are completed.

    Your team was fantastic to work with again this year. I compliment the amazing team you have an am looking forward to next year!
    Senior Vice President/Chief Technology Risk Officer of a large financial institution