Multiple amounts in the Internal Revenue Code are tied to the chained Consumer Price Index and modified on an annual basis. After a year of inflationary increases, taxpayers can expect significant changes to a variety of tax thresholds in 2023. Besides adjusting tax brackets, inflation adjustments impact the section 199A qualified or business deduction, excess business loss threshold and the Social Security wage base, among others. Generally, the IRS releases final adjustments during the fall. Given the volatility of the prices the last few months, it’s possible that final adjustment information will be released later than normal.
Remember, the thresholds for the net investment income tax (3.8% tax) and additional Medicare tax (0.9% tax) are not tied to inflation and remain at $250,000 for married filing jointly taxpayers, $125,000 for married filing separately taxpayers and $200,000 for other taxpayers.
While still a few years away, the individual tax environment will change (barring new tax legislation) after 2025 when provisions enacted under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) expire. Key items include increasing the top tax rate for individual taxpayers back to 39.6%, ending the 20% section 199A qualified business income deduction, removing the $10,000 cap on the state and local tax deduction and reinstating the personal and dependent exemption deductions.
The gross receipts threshold is used to help determine eligibility for a number of exceptions to different rules and limitations, including computing the business interest limitation under section 163(j), use of the cash method of accounting in computing taxable income, ability to determine taxable income for long-term contracts under the percentage-of-completion method and having to capitalize certain direct and indirect costs into inventory.
Similar to the individual tax threshold sunsets from TCJA, the estate and gift tax exclusion limitations will also revert back to pre-2018 levels after 2025. Again, without future legislation, the estate and gift tax exclusion is projected to drop back to $5 million and indexed for inflation (currently estimated to be approximately $6.4 million) for 2026.
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The information provided here is of a general nature and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any individual or entity. In specific circumstances, the services of a professional should be sought. Tax information, if any, contained in this communication was not intended or written to be used by any person for the purpose of avoiding penalties, nor should such information be construed as an opinion upon which any person may rely. The intended recipients of this communication and any attachments are not subject to any limitation on the disclosure of the tax treatment or tax structure of any transaction or matter that is the subject of this communication and any attachments.