New York State issues guidance as to filing PTET extensions and returns online
Published on March 11, 2022
In one of New York State’s PTET FAQs, the State has addressed what actions tax professional may undertake on behalf of their clients with respect to PTET electronically filings.
The following is an excerpt from the aforementioned FAQs that sets forth how tax professionals may establish that they are duly authorized tax professions with respect to a client’s PTET forms. As noted below, the FAQs reiterate that the annual election may not be made by a representative as they are not an authorized person.
“What actions can tax professionals with a Power of Attorney (POA) or an EZ Rep Tax Professional account take on behalf of their clients?
Duly authorized tax professionals may electronically file most PTET-related forms and returns on behalf of a client, including filing estimated payments, extensions, and the annual PTET return. However, the annual election may not be made by a representative as they are not an authorized person.
EZ Rep Tax Professional Account
The State will permit a tax professional to qualify as a Duly Authorized Tax Professional by establishing that the tax professional has an EZ Rep Tax Professional account for the client by timely filing Form TR 2000 with the State for each client in question.
New York State POA
Alternatively, the State will permit a tax professional to qualify as a duly authorized tax professional that may electronically file PTET related forms on behalf of the client if the tax professional has a timely filed New York State POA, Form POA-1, on file with the State.”
Caution: Authorized tax professionals performing PTET filings pose significant risks
The State’s PTET website states the following with respect to PTET tax online filings:
“The filing application allows the PTET entity to manually enter information for up to 100 eligible credit claimants. If the entity has more than 100 eligible credit claimants, it must upload a data file containing the information. The data file must be in a comma delimited format with a .txt or .csv extension. The PTET entity must include the following information for each eligible credit claimant:
- the claimant’s name and identification number;
- whether the claimant is claiming the credit through a direct partner who is a disregarded entity and if so, the name and identification number of the disregarded entity;
- the type of taxpayer claiming the PTET credit, such as an individual, estate, or trust;
- the claimant’s ownership percentage in the PTET entity;
- the claimant’s share of the PTET credit; and
- the residency status of the partner or member of a partnership as classified for PTET purposes (note: for PTET purposes all S corporation shareholders are treated as if they are nonresidents).”
The State’s PTET website further states the following:
“The filing application will allow a filer to save their work without filing and come back later to complete the return. It is important for the PTET entity to report this information correctly. The entity may not amend any of the reported information once the return has been submitted. If the entity omits any information for an owner or submits incorrect information, some or all credit claimants may not be allowed to claim their PTET credits.”
We wish to emphasize the State’s guidance as to the inability to amend or correct the information with respect to the PTE’s eligible credit claimants and the potential significant ramifications arising from incorrectly inputting such information, i.e. If the entity omits any information for an owner or submits incorrect information, some or all credit claimants may not be allowed to claim their PTET credits.
The potential ramifications arising from errors in the eligible credit claimant information should be carefully considered with respect to the decision to have Baker Tilly file the PTET extension or PTET return pursuant to the State’s expanded actions permitted by an authorized tax profession.
Citation: New York State frequently asked questions about pass-through entity tax (PTET)
New York updates PTET website with list of jurisdictions that are “substantially similar” as of Dec. 3
Published on Jan. 10, 2021
When New York adopted its pass-through entity tax (PTET) provisions, the State amended Section 620 – Credit for Income Tax of Another State.
In particular, New York amended Section 620 to include a new Section 620(b):
Pass-through entity taxes
A resident shall be allowed a credit against the tax otherwise due pursuant to this article for any pass-through entity tax substantially similar to the tax imposed pursuant to article twenty-four-A of this chapter imposed on the income of a partnership or S corporation of which the resident is a partner, member or shareholder for the taxable year by another state of the United States, a political subdivision of such state, or the District of Columbia upon income both derived therefrom and subject to tax under this article.
In August 2021, New York issued TSB-M-21-(1)C, (1)I that stated, in part, that “A list of substantially similar taxes that qualify for the resident tax credit will be posted on our website”. The State updated their PTET website to include a list of jurisdictions that have adopted, as of Dec. 3, 2021, PTE taxes that the State deems to be qualifying as “substantially similar.”
The State has recognized 20 states – view the list here.
Important points to note:
- The list does not include North Carolina – This may be an oversight as North Carolina’s PTE tax provisions were adopted on Nov. 30, 2021.
- The list does not include Michigan – Michigan adopted PTET provisions subsequent to Dec. 3, 2021.
- The list includes the Ohio Non Resident Withholding Tax per Ohio Section 5747.41.
We expect New York to add to North Carolina and Michigan upon updating the list.
New York's pass-through entity tax deadline is Oct. 15
New York's version of the tax
Published on Sept. 18, 2021
New York’s PTET is for eligible partnerships, including limited liability companies, and S corporations to make an annual, optional and irrevocable election to pay tax on certain income for tax years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2021. For the 2021 tax year, an entity must make the election through the state’s business online services account portal by Oct. 15, 2021.
The final day for deciding whether to make the irrevocable election for the 2022 tax year is March 15, 2022.
Before a pass-through entity decides to make the election, it should take into consideration how the calculation of PTET taxable income differs between electing New York S corporations and electing partnerships. The pass-through entity should work with its tax advisor to determine what its taxable income would be as well as its corresponding liability for federal and state tax and credit for taxes paid.
Even though a pass-through entity would expect a federal tax benefit by making the election, it is possible an individual will lose some of their tax credits for taxes paid to other jurisdictions. The risk of losing the credit should be considered prior to making a pass-through entity tax election.
If the pass-through entity decides to move forward, an authorized person, as defined by New York statutes, makes the election, which is binding on all partners, members or shareholders of the pass-through entity.
For tax year 2021, electing entities are not required to make estimated tax payments. However, partners, members and shareholders of electing pass-through entities must continue to make estimated tax payments as if they were not entitled to the PTET credit.
Eligible taxpayers must file an individual personal income tax return to claim the PTET credit. The PTET credit may not be claimed on a group return (composite return) for nonresident partners and shareholders. Individual, trust or estate partners and shareholders will be able to take a credit equal to 100% of the New York PTET paid on their behalf by the pass-through entity. A taxpayer may not claim a PTET credit unless the electing partnership or S corporation paid the tax and the pass-through entity supplies sufficient information on its tax return to identify the taxpayer who will claim the credit. Any overpayment in New York PTET will be credited or refunded to the individual without interest.
In whatever way the pass-through entity is affected by the PTET, the mechanics of claiming the credit for taxes paid is fraught with risk and uncertainty. For example, it still hasn’t been resolved whether individual and/or composite returns are required or allowed or what happens to an entity’s net operating losses. Careful analysis of the taxpayer’s overall tax attributes and state law nuances is required to understand the full impact to both federal and state taxes.